Thames School of Mines


Category
Engineering Site (eg Portland cement works, Maori fortifications)

Description

Established in 1885, the Thames School of Mines survived until 1954. In its heyday, this was the largest mining school in New Zealand, and for almost 70 years it specialised in practical scientific and industry focused education.

From the 1860s quartz reef gold mining in Otago and the Hauraki region required ore to be crushed in order for gold to be recovered. There were many levels of technical competence required for this work. To cater to this demand the University of Otago led the way in promoting the establishment of Schools of Mines from 1878.

Thames was the main centre for Hauraki and Coromandel mining. Therefore, it made sense for a school to be established there. In the early years branch schools were also established in Coromandel, Waihi, Karangahake and Wairongomai.

The Thames School of Mines, and its counterparts, became increasingly important in New Zealand after the introduction of the 1892 Mining Act. This meant that mine managers were required to have worked in a mine for three years and to have passed the Mine Managers Examination. Study at the Thames School of Mines enabled students to achieve this over a three year course.

This School was different from others around New Zealand because it had an experimental plant and battery room for crushing ore. From an engineering point of view, the experimental room was an important part of the school’s activities for both student and fee paying industry users. The presence of mercury amalgamation, chlorination and cyaniding plants in the School, equalled those processes actually employed by the mining industry. Therefore, the Thames School of Mines gave students unparalleled practical experience. The School’s facilities also provided opportunities to make advances in processes through experimentation, which the mining industry viewed as an important service.

Other facilities at the School included the Mineralogical Museum, opened in 1901, which displayed the substantial collection of mineral specimens that had been collected since 1870. The School also had a dynamo house created in 1903 to help with practical demonstrations about the science of electricity.

As the mining industry began to decline in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Thames School of Mines kept itself relevant by adding other courses, such as farming orientated classes on chemistry and fertilisers, and courses in Mechanical Drawing, and Mathematics and Electricity to prepare students for work opportunities at large local employers like A & G Price, and Charles Judd Limited.

Many of the School’s contemporaries had closed in the 1890s. Despite the threat of closure in the 1920s, the Thames School of Mines continued until 1954. Then after decades of uncertainty, the buildings and collections were taken on by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust in 1979.

For an expanded history see the attachment below.

Related IPENZ Engineering Heritage Records:

Heritage recognition
This place has been recognised by Heritage New Zealand as a Category 1 historic place (List no.132):
School of Mines Buildings: New Zealand Heritage List/Rarangi Korero information (www.heritage.org.nz).


References
Mines Department New Zealand, Thames School of Mines Syllabus of Lectures & Instruction, Government Printer, Wellington, 1901 (Courtesy Thames School of Mines)

Tania Mace, Ngati Maru Rununga and Matthews & Matthews Architects Ltd, ‘Thames School of Mines Conservation Plan,’ Draft 2006


Attachments

Thames School of Mines report by John La Roche (100 KB).pdf

Location

Corner of Brown and Cochrane Streets, Thames.



Region/s
Thames Valley / Coromandel

Access Info
The Thames School of Mines is a New Zealand Historic Places Trust property, which is regularly open to the public. (www.historicplaces.org.nz)

Nature of Engineering
Manufacturing and Industrial Processing

 

Thames School of Mines, c.1902. Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 7-A8675

(Click image to enlarge )

Pupils of the Thames School of Mines at Opitonui, 1901. Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 7-A9177

(Click image to enlarge )

Lat: -37.1349 Long: 175.5377